通比牛牛下载

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                      1. 欢迎访问高中学习网!设为首页  |  加入收藏 | 最新文章
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                        怎样学才可以学好生物

                        核心导读:习方法的优劣是学习成败的关键,要想取得理想的学习效果,必须掌握科学、高效的学习方法。与学习生物关系比较密切的学习方法有观察方法、做笔记的方法、思维方法和记忆方法等。       1.观察方法 学习过程从本质上说是一种认识过程。认识过程是从感性认识开始的,而感性认识主要靠观察来获得,所以观察方法就是首要的学习方法。观察方法主要包括顺序观察、对比观察、动态观察和边思考边观察。 (1)顺序观察 顺序观察包括两层意思。从观察方式上来说,一般是

                        通比牛牛下载XIFANGFADEYOULIESHIXUEXICHENGBAIDEGUANJIAN,YAOXIANGQUDELIXIANGDEXUEXIXIAOGUO,BIXUZHANGWOKEXUE、GAOXIAODEXUEXIFANGFA。YUXUEXISHENGWUGUANXIBIJIAOMIQIEDEXUEXIFANGFAYOUGUANCHAFANGFA、ZUOBIJIDEFANGFA、SIWEIFANGFAHEJIYIFANGFADENG。

                         

                         

                         

                        1.GUANCHAFANGFA

                        XUEXIGUOCHENGCONGBENZHISHANGSHUOSHIYIZHONGRENSHIGUOCHENG。RENSHIGUOCHENGSHICONGGANXINGRENSHIKAISHIDE,ERGANXINGRENSHIZHUYAOKAOGUANCHALAIHUODE,SUOYIGUANCHAFANGFAJIUSHISHOUYAODEXUEXIFANGFA。GUANCHAFANGFAZHUYAOBAOKUOSHUNXUGUANCHA、DUIBIGUANCHA、DONGTAIGUANCHAHEBIANSIKAOBIANGUANCHA。

                        (1)SHUNXUGUANCHA SHUNXUGUANCHABAOKUOLIANGCENGYISI。CONGGUANCHAFANGSHISHANGLAISHUO,YIBANSHIXIANYONGROUYAN、ZAIYONGFANGDAJING、ZUIHOUYONGXIANWEIJING。YONGXIANWEIJINGGUANCHAYESHIXIANDIBEI,HOUGAOBEI。LIRU,DUIZHIWUGENJIANDEGUANCHA,JIUSHIXIANYONGROUYANGUANCHAYOUGEN,GENJUYANSEHETOUMINGCHENGDUQUFENGENJIANDESIBUFEN,RANHOUZAIYONGFANGDAJINGGUANCHABAOJIANDEGENMAO,ZUIHOUYONGXIANWEIJINGGUANCHAGENJIANDEZONGQIEPIAN,RENSHIGENJIANGEQUDEXIBAOTEDIAN。CONGGUANCHAFANGWEISHANGLAISHUO,YIBANCAIQUXIANZHENGTIHOUJUBU,CONGWAIDAONEI,CONGZUODAOYOUDENGSHUNXU。LIRUDUIYIDUOHUADEGUANCHA,JIUYAOXIANCONGZHENGTISHANGGUANCHAHUAXING、HUASE,RANHOUCONGWAIDAONEIYICIGUANCHAHUADENG、HUAGUAN、XIONGRUI、CIRUI。

                        通比牛牛下载(2)DUIBIGUANCHA DUIBIGUANCHAYOULIYUXUNSUZHUAZHUSHIWUDEGONGXINGHEGEXING,CONGERBAWOZHUSHIWUDEBENZHI。RUGUANCHAXIANLITIHEYELVTIDEJIEGOUSHI,JIUYAOXIANYIZHONGQIUTONG:TAMENDOUYOUSHUANGCENGMO,DOUHANYOUJILI、JIZHI、MEI、SHAOLIANGDEDNAHERNA。RANHOUZAITONGZHONGQIUYI:XIANLITIDENEIMOZHEDIECHENGQI,YELVTIDENEIMOBUXIANGNEIZHEDIE;XIANLITIYOUYUHUXIZUOYONGYOUGUANDEMEI,QIEMEIFENBUZAINEIMO、JILI、JIZHIZHONG;ERYELVTINEIYOUYUGUANGHEZUOYONGYOUGUANDEMEI,ERMEIFENBUZAIJILICENGHEJIZHIZHONG;YELVTIZHONGYOUYELVSU,ERXIANLITIZHONGMEIYOU。

                        (3)DONGTAIGUANCHA DUISHENGWUSHENGHUOXIXING、SHENGZHANGGUOCHENG、SHENGZHIFAYUDEGUANCHADOUSHUYUDONGTAIGUANCHA。DONGTAIGUANCHADEGUANJIANSHIBAWOGUANCHADUIXIANGDEFAZHANBIANHUA。LIRUGUANCHAGENDESHENGZHANG,ZAIYOUGENSHANGDENGJUHUAMOXIANHOUDEJIXUPEIYANGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHONGDIANJIUSHIGUANCHAGETIAOMOXIANJIANJULIDEBIANHUA,CONGERDECHUGENKAOGENJIANSHENGZHANGDEJIELUN。

                        (4)BIANSIKAOBIANGUANCHA GUANCHASHISIWEIDEJICHU,SIWEIKECUJINGUANCHADESHENRU,LIANGZHESHIMIBUKEFENDE。SUOYIYAODAIZHEWENTIGUANCHA,BIANSIKAO、BIANGUANCHA。

                        2 .ZUOBIJIDEFANGFA

                        鲁迅通比牛牛下载先生说:“无论什么事,如果继续收集资料,积累十年,总可以成为一个学者。”总结中外许多学者的经验,可以说,做笔记是一条成才的途径。做笔记的方式很多,在生物学学习中,主要有阅读笔记、听讲笔记和观察笔记三种。

                        (1)YUEDUBIJI

                        通比牛牛下载YAOXIANGSHIXUEDAODEDONGXIZHANGQICHUCUN、SUISHITIQU、YINGYONGZIRU,JIUYAOZAIDUSHUSHI,SUISHIZUODUSHUBIJI。YUEDUBIJIZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIZHONG。①CHAOXIEBIJI,YOUFENWEIQUANCHAOHEZHAICHAO,ZUOZHEIZHONGBIJIYINGZHUYICHAOHOUXIAODUI,BIMIANLOUWU,RANHOUBIAOMINGCHUCHU,YIBEIRIHOUCHAKAO。②KAPIANBIJI,KAPIANNEIRONGBUXIAN,YINRENERDING,DANYIBANYINGJUYOUZILIAOLEIBIE、BIANHAO、CHUCHU、ZHUZHEXINGMING,ZHENGWENDENGNEIRONG。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,MEIZHANGKAPIANXIEYIGENEIRONG,BINGJISHIJINXINGFENLEIGUIDANGHUOZHUANGDINGCHENGCE。③PIYUBIJI,JIZAISHUYEKONGBAICHUSUISHOUJIXIADUIYUANWENDEGERENYIJIANHEXINDETIHUIDENG。④FUHAOBIJI,JIZAIYUANWENZHIJIANBIAOZHUFUHAOYIDUIYUANWENJIASHENLIJIE。CHANGYONGFUHAOYOUHEIDIAN、YUANQUAN、ZHIXIAN、QUXIAN、SHUANGXIAN、XUXIAN、JIANTOU、FANGKUANG、SANJIAO、JINGTANHAO、WENHAODENG。ZUOFUHAOBIJIYINGZHUYILIANGDIAN:YISHIFUHAOYIYIBIXUMINGQUE,BINGQIEYAOGUANCHESHIZHONG;ERSHIFUHAOBUNENGGUODUOGUOMI,FOUZEZHONGDIANNANYITUCHU。⑤GAIYAOBIJI,JIDUIMOUBENSHUHUOMOUPIANWENZHANGYONGZIJIDEYUYANGAIKUOXIECHUQIZHONGDIANNEIRONG。

                        (2)TINGJIANGBIJI

                        通比牛牛下载JITINGBAOGAO、TINGJIANGZUOHEKETANGTINGKEDEBIJI,ZUOZHEIZHONGBIJIDETUCHUMAODUNSHIJIDESUDUGANBUSHANGJIANGDESUDU,WEICIYAOZUODAO“SANJISANBUJI”JIZHONGDIANWENTI、YINANZHICHU,SHUSHANGMEIYOUDEJI;CIYAOWENTI、YIDONGZHIDIAN、SHUSHANGYOUDEBUJI。

                        (3)GUANCHABIJI

                        JIZAISHENGWUKENEIWAIDUISHENGWUXINGTAIHESHENGMINGXIANXIANGJINXINGGUANCHASHISUOZUODEJILU。ZUOZHEIZHONGBIJIYAOZHUYIXIJIE,ZHUYIQIANHOUBIJIAOHEGUOCHENGBIANHUA,BINGYAOZHUAZHUTEZHENG。

                        3.SIWEIFANGFA

                        通比牛牛下载SIWEINENGLISHIGEZHONGNENGLIDEHEXIN,SIWEIFANGFASHISIWEINENGLIDEGUANJIAN,SUOYISIWEIFANGFAZAIXUEXIFANGFAZHONGZHANYOUHEXINDEWEIZHI。ZAISHENGWUXUEXUEXIZHONGCHANGYONGDESIWEIFANGFAYOUFENXIHEZONGHEDEFANGFA、BIJIAOHEGUILEIDEFANGFA、XITONGHUAHEJUTIHUADEFANGFAJICHOUXIANGHEGAIKUODEFANGFA。

                        (1)FENXIHEZONGHEDEFANGFA

                        FENXIJIUSHIBAZHISHIDEYIGEZHENGTIFENJIECHENGGEGEBUFENLAIJINXINGKAOCHADEYIZHONGSIWEIFANGFA,ZONGHESHIBAZHISHIDEGEGEBUFENLIANHECHENGYIGEZHENGTILAIJINXINGKAOCHADEYIZHONGSIWEIFANGFA,FENXIHEZONGHESHISHENGWUXUEXUEXIZHONGJINGCHANGSHIYONGDEZHONGYAOFANGFA,LIANGZHEMIQIELIANXI,BUKEFENGE。ZHIFENXIBUZONGHE,JIUHUIJIANMUERBUJIANLIN;ZHIZONGHEBUFENXI,YOUHUIZHIJIANLINERBUJIANMU。ZAISHIJIYUNYONGSHI,JIKEXIANFENXIHOUZONGHE,YEKEXIANZONGHEHOUFENXI,HAIKEYIBIANFENXIBIANZONGHE。

                        (2)BIJIAOHEGUILEIDEFANGFA

                        BIJIAOSHIBAYOUGUANDEZHISHIJIAYIDUIBI,YIQUEDINGTAMENZHIJIANDEXIANGTONGDIANHEBUTONGDIANDESIWEIFANGFA。BIJIAOYIBANZUNXUNLIANGTIAOTUJINGJINXING:YISHIXUNZHAOCHUZHISHIZHIJIANDEXIANGTONGZHICHU,JIYIZHONGQIUTONG;ERSHIZAIXUNZHAOCHULESHIWUZHIJIANXIANGTONGZHICHUDEJICHUSHANGZHAOCHUBUTONGZHICHU,JITONGZHONGQIUYI。

                        GUILEISHIANZHAOYIDINGDEBIAOZHUN,BAZHISHIJINXINGFENMENBIELEIDESIWEIFANGFA。SHENGWUXUEXIZHONGCHANGCAIYONGLIANGZHONGGUILEIFA:YISHIKEXUEGUILEIFA,JICONGKEXUEXINGCHUFA,ANZHAOSHENGWUDEBENZHITEXINGJINXINGGUILEI;ERSHISHIYONGGUILEIFA,JICONGSHIYONGXINGCHUFA,ANSHENGWUDEFEIBENZHISHUXINGJINXINGGUILEI。

                        BIJIAOHEGUILEIHUWEIQIANTI,YIFANGMIANZHIYOUTONGGUOBIJIAO,RENSHISHENGWUDEYITONGDIANZHIHOU,CAIHAOJINXINGGUILEI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHIYOUBASHENGWUJINXINGGUILEI,CAIHAOJINXINGBIJIAO。YINCIZAISHENGWUXUEXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGYAOBALIANGZHEYOUJIDIJIEHEQILAI。

                        通比牛牛下载(3)XITONGHUAHEJUTIHUADEFANGFA

                        XITONGHUAJIUSHIBAGEZHONGYOUGUANZHISHINARUYIDINGSHUNXUHUOTIXIDESIWEIFANGFA。XITONGHUABUDANCHUNSHIZHISHIDEFENMENBIELEI,ERQIESHIBAZHISHIJIAYIXITONGZHENGLI,SHIQIGOUCHENGYIGEBIJIAOWANZHENGDETIXI。ZAISHENGWUXUEXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONG,JINGCHANGCAIYONGBIANXIETIGANG、LIECHUBIAOJIE、HUIZHITUBIAODENGFANGSHI,BAXUEGUODEZHISHIJIAYIXITONGDIZHENGLI。

                        JUTIHUASHIBALILUNZHISHIYONGYUJUTI、GEBIECHANGHEDESIWEIFANGFA。ZAISHENGWUXUEXUEXIZHONG,SHIYONGJUTIHUADEFANGSHIYOULIANGZHONG:YISHIYONGSUOXUEZHISHIYINGYONGYUSHENGHUOHESHENGCHANSHIJIAN,FENXIHEJIESHIYIXIESHENGMINGXIANXIANG;ERSHIYONGYIXIESHENGHUOZHONGDEJUTISHILILAISHUOMINGSHENGWUXUELILUNZHISHI。

                        (4)CHOUXIANGHEGAIKUODEFANGFA

                        通比牛牛下载CHOUXIANGSHICHOUQUZHISHIDEFEIBENZHISHUXINGHUOBENZHISHUXINGDEYIZHONGSIWEIFANGFA,CHOUXIANGKEYIYOULIANGZHONGSHUIPINGCENGCIDECHOUXIANG:YISHIFEIBENZHISHUXINGDECHOUXIANG;ERSHIBENZHISHUXINGDECHOUXIANG。

                        GAIKUOSHIJIANGYOUGUANZHISHIDEFEIBENZHISHUXINGHUOBENZHISHUXINGLIANXIQILAIDEYIZHONGSIWEIFANGFA,TAYEYOULIANGZHONGSHUIPINGCENGCI:YISHIFEIBENZHISHUXINGDEGAIKUO,JIAOZUOGANXINGGAIKUO;LINGYIZHONGSHIBENZHISHUXINGDEGAIKUO,JIAOZUOLIXINGGAIKUO。

                        CHOUXIANGHEGAIKUOYESHIHUWEIQIANTIDE,XIANGFUXIANGCHENGDE,ZAIXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGYINGYOUYISHIDIJINXINGCHOUXIANGZHONGYIGAIKUO,GAIKUOZHONGYICHOUXIANG,YIDADAODUIZHISHIZHENGQUE、SHENRUDEZHANGWO。

                        4.JIYIFANGFA

                        JIYISHIXUEXIDEJICHU,SHIZHISHIDECANGKU,SHISIWEIDEBANLV,SHICHUANGZAODEQIANTI,SUOYIXUEXIZHONGYIJUBUTONGZHISHIDETEDIAN,PEIYISHIYIDEJIYIFANGFA,KEYIYOUXIAODITIGAOXUEXIXIAOLVHEZHILIANG。JIYIFANGFAHENDUO,XIAMIANJINJUSHENGWUXUEXUEXIZHONGZUICHANGYONGDEJIZHONG。

                        (1)JIANHUAJIYIFA

                        JITONGGUOFENXIJIAOCAI,ZHAOCHUYAODIAN,JIANGZHISHIJIANHUACHENGYOUGUILVDEJIGEZILAIBANGZHUJIYI。LIRU DNADEFENZIJIEGOUKEJIANHUAWEI“WUSISANERYI”,JIWUZHONGJIBENYUANSU,SIZHONGJIBENDANWEI,MEIZHONGDANWEIYOUSANZHONGJIBENWUZHI,HENDUODANWEIXINGCHENGLIANGTIAOTUOYANGHESUANLIAN,CHENGWEIYIZHONGGUIZEDESHUANGLUOXUANJIEGOU。

                        (2)LIANXIANGJIYIFA

                        通比牛牛下载JIGENJUJIAOCAINEIRONG,QIAOMIAODILIYONGLIANXIANGBANGZHUJIYI。LIRUJIXUEJIANGDECHENGFEN,KEYIHECHUFANGLIDESHIPINLIANXIQILAI,JIZHUSHUI、DAN、TANG、YANJIUKEYILE(SHUIJISHUI,DANSHIDANBAIZHI,TANGZHIPUTAOTANG,YANDAIBIAOWUJIYAN)。

                        (3)DUIBIJIYIFA

                        ZAISHENGWUXUEXUEXIZHONG,YOUHENDUOXIANGJINDEMINGCIYIHUNXIAO、NANJIYI。DUIYUZHEIYANGDENEIRONG,KEYUNYONGDUIBIFAJIYI。DUIBIFAJIJIANGYOUGUANDEMINGCIDANLIECHULAI,RANHOUCONGFANWEI、NEIHAN、WAIYAN,NAIZHIWENZIDENGFANGMIANJINXINGBIJIAO,CUNTONGQIUYI,ZHAOCHUBUTONGDIAN。ZHEIYANGFANCHAXIANMING,RONGYIJIYI。LIRUTONGHUAZUOYONGYUYIHUAZUOYONG、YOUYANGHUXIYUWUYANGHUXI、JISUDIAOJIEYUSHENJINGDIAOJIE、WUZHIXUNHUANYUNENGLIANGLIUDONGDENGDENG。

                        (4)GANGYAOJIYIFA

                        SHENGWUXUEZHONGYOUHENDUOZHONGYAODE、FUZADENEIRONGBURONGYIJIYI。KEJIANGZHEIXIEZHISHIDEHEXINNEIRONGHUOGUANJIANCIYUTILIANCHULAI,ZUOWEIZHISHIDEGANGYAO,ZHUAZHULEGANGYAOZEYOULIYUZHISHIDEJIYI。LIRUGAODENGDONGWUDEWUZHIDAIXIEJIUHENFUZA,DANTAYEYOUYIDINGGUILVKEXUN,WULUNSHINAYILEIYOUJIWUDEDAIXIE,YIBANDOUYAOJINGGUO“XIAOHUA”、“XISHOU”、“YUNSHU”、“LIYONG”、“PAIXIE”WUGEGUOCHENG,ZHEISHIGEZIZECHENGWEIJIYIZHISHIDEGANGYAO。

                        (5)YANSHEJIYIFA

                        通比牛牛下载CIFASHIYIMOUYIZHONGYAODEZHISHIDIANWEIHEXIN,TONGGUOSIWEIDEFASANGUOCHENG,BAYUZHIYOUGUANDEQITAZHISHIJINKENENGDUODIJIANLIQILIANXI。ZHEIZHONGFANGFADUOYONGYUZHANGJIEZHISHIDEZONGJIEHUOFUXI,YEKEYONGYUJIANGFENSANZAIGEZHANGJIEZHONGDEXIANGGUANZHISHILIANXIZAIYIQI。LIRU,YIXIBAOWEIHEXIN,KEYANSHECHUXIBAODEGAINIAN、XIBAODEFAXIAN、XIBAODEXUESHUO、XIBAODEZHONGLEI、XIBAODECHENGFEN、XIBAODEJIEGOU、XIBAODEGONGNENG、XIBAODEFENLIEDENGZHISHI。

                        通比牛牛下载LINGWAI,YAOZHUZHONGLILUNLIANXISHIJI,SHENGWUXUEDELILUNZHISHIYUZIRAN、SHENGCHAN、SHENGHUODOUYOUJIAOMIQIEDEGUANXI,ZAISHENGWUXUEXUEXIZHONG,YAOZHUYILIANXIZHEIXIESHIJI。YIYAOLIANXIZIRANSHIJI;ERYAOLIANXISHENGCHANSHIJI;SANYAOLIANXISHENGHUOSHIJI。LIANXISHIJIDEXUEXI,JIYOULIYUZHASHIZHANGWOSHENGWUXUEZHISHI,YEYOULIYUTIGAOZIJIDEJIEJUEWENTIDENENGLI。

                         

                        生物科目不仅需要学习上课老师所讲的内容,另外,还要课后自己补充知识,多读一些课外书,扩大自己的知识面,另外还要作适量的习题。但最为重要的是对基础知识的掌握,基本概念的理解,最有效的记住,用理解记忆和联想记忆的方法,一般,自己理解的知识,更有深刻的映像,很清晰的思路,作习题是为了巩固概念,加深自己的映像,使得自己的知识更加的牢靠。一般,高二上学期的生物课,记忆性的东西较多,这些都是最为基本的知识,你只要对基本的概念理解到为就可以了。而下半学期理论性的东西较多,不仅需要记忆,还要增加适量的习题,特别是算概率的题目,还有DNA的复制那几章,需要用作习题的方式来帮助理解。高三时,要特别的注重实验,注重实验的一般的研究角度和入手的方法,分析误差的常规的方法,作适量的题目,对实验更加熟练,了解实验的类型,但是,课本是很重要的,不要为作题而作题,还是要回归到课本上。总之,学习方法是自己摸索和总结出来的,因人而宜。生物学其实很简单,重要你用心学,一定会学习的很棒的,加油吧,祝你成功!


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